Canadians May be Accused in Switzerland Tax-Evasion Sweep

OTTAWA WHITE COLLAR CRIME LAWYER – Tax evasion is a serious offence in Canada, and it frequently involves storing money in private off-shore bank accounts.

Over the last few days, the details of many off-shore accounts – namely those with one particular bank in Switzerland – were handed to tax authorities, leaving the account-holders subject to investigation for evading taxes.

A computer security specialist was fired from a HSBC private bank in Switzerland after pleading for more transparency. He provided the French government with the names of roughly 80,000 individuals holding off-shore accounts with the Swiss bank.

Out of the lengthy list of names, a significant 1,785 are Canadians. A spokesperson for Canada’s Minister of National Revenue indicated that French authorities have provided the government with a list of individuals, from that pile, who may be using the accounts for tax evasion purposes.

Tax evasion can take on a number of forms including filing false returns, destroying accounting books, or failing in any other way to comply with the Income Tax Act.

If you are contacted or questionedabout possible involvement with tax evasion or other financial crimes, you should speak with an experienced white-collar crime lawyer about your options, your rights, and how to proceed. For more information on financial crime, contact the Ottawa criminal defence lawyers by email [email protected] or by phone at (613) 233-4529.

Defending Assault Charges in Ontario – Assault Charges – Can You Defend Them?

Ottawa assault lawyers at Auger Hollingsworth defend many clients charged with assault, spousal / domestic assault, assault causing bodily harm, aggravated assault and assault with a weapon.

Call an Ottawa assault lawyer at 613-233-4529 or email [email protected] so we can use our experience to help you.

This is Serious!

Here are the maximum sentences that can be imposed if you are convicted of assault:

Assault–  imprisonment up to five years

Assault causing bodily harm– imprisonment up to ten years

Assault with a weapon –imprisonment up to ten years

Aggravated assault – imprisonment up to fourteen years

There is a lot at stake!

If you are convicted, you could have problems crossing the U.S. border, obtaining a professional license (such as a real estate agent or mortgage broker) and have other job problems.

How can an Ottawa Defence Lawyer help?

  • An Ottawa defence lawyer will study the Crown brief (the evidence they collect from the police).
  • An Ottawa defence lawyer will identify who the Crown witnesses are and investigate their backgrounds.  In many cases we engage private investigators with great success.
  • An Ottawa defence lawyer will interview witnesses you suggest or who we uncover who may provide a different perspective on the Crown’s version of events.
  • An Ottawa defence lawyer knows how to review the disclosure (the Crown’s evidence, primarily from the police) to detect if your Charter rights were violated during the process leading up to your arrest.
  • For example, if you gave a statement to police that the Crown wants to use against you, your Ottawa defence lawyer will scrutinize how that statement was obtained to ensure your rights were not violated.  If your rights were violated, the Crown may not be able to use your statement against you.
  • At Auger Hollingsworth, our criminal defence lawyers ae prepared to take an aggressive stand during the pretrial stage to help you avoid the expense and worry of a trial by pressing the Crown to withdraw charges where they have not reasonable prospect of conviction.

What Should You Do NOW?

  • DO NOT tell your family and friends the “whole story” leading to your arrest.  Keep the details to yourself and your Ottawa criminal lawyer.
  • DO make notes of what happened leading up to your arrest and provide them to your Ottawa defence lawyer.  Make these notes asap after you are released from the police station while the events are still fresh.
  • Do follow your Ottawa criminal lawyer’s advice.  If your lawyer wants you to go for anger management, drug or alcohol assessment or other psychological investigations, DO IT.  Your efforts can only help you.
  • DO comply with any conditions of release imposed by the police carefully.  Your criminal defence lawyer’s bargaining power with the Crown decreases significantly if you are charged with a breach of your terms of release.
  • DO stay clear of the person who you are alleged to have assaulted.  If it is essential that you communicate with the other person, your defence lawyer can take steps to get permission.

If you are looking for a criminal defence lawyer to help you with your charges of assault, contact a Ottawa Criminal Defence Lawyer at 613 233-4529 or by emailing [email protected].

Getting Released from Jail on Bail – NEED TO GET OUT OF JAIL ON BAIL?

The Ottawa criminal defence lawyers at Auger Hollingsworth can assist our clients in jail to get released on bail. This is one of the most crucial parts of your defense strategy.

If the Crown Consents to Release You:

Often the Crown Attorney will agree to release you if the crime is not violent, not very serious or the person is not considered a flight risk. If Crown consents, your release is normally within hours.

Recognizance

A person who was arrested without a warrant will normally be released on the agreement of the Crown with a summons, appearance notice or promise to appear.

Other times, release will be conditional on the entering of a “recognizance” in amount of up to $500.

Undertaking with Conditions

The Crown could also consent to a release based on undertaking with conditions. For example:

  • To remain within a certain area;
  • To deposit a passport;
  • To notify the police of any change in address or employment;
  • To attend school (where applicable);
  • To abstain from communicating with any person or from going to any place;
  • To abstain from possessing a firearm and to surrender any firearm;
  • To report to police at specified times;
  • To abstain from consuming alcohol or other intoxicating substances; and/or
  • To abstain from taking druges except in accordance with a medical prescription

What if the Crown does not agree to release?

The Criminal Code of Canada mandates that someone who is being detained in jail after arrest be brought to court before a Justice of the Peace within 24 hours or as soon as possible. This timeline applies even if the arrest is on the weekend or a holiday.  In most jurisdications, Justices of the Peace hold bail hearings on Saturdays and Sundays.

If the Crown doesn’t agree to a release, if the Crown cannot hold a full bail hearing within twenty-four  hours, then the Crown may request to postpone the hearing for up to seventy-two hours.

Sureties

In some circumstances, delaying the hearing makes sense for the person who has been charged. The extra time can permit his or her criminal defence lawyer to assemble a strong case for release and to arrange for sureties.

What is a surety? A surety is someone who consents to be responsible for, and supervise, someone charged with a crime. Sometimes a surety has to put up or promise to pay money to the Court if the charged person fails to obey conditions of release from custody.

Are all Release Plans the Same?

No. Often, the Court’s decision to grant bail or not will depend on how good the decision maker consders the plan of release to be. Important questions to be answered are: does the person have a place to stay, a job to go to, counseling and support as required and appropriate supervision by someone whom the accused person respects. Sometimes, assembling the plan can take time.

Considerations when the Court will consider whether to release someone on bail:

The 3 considerations for the Court at a bail hearing:

  1. Is the detention necessary to ensure the person’s attendance in court?
  2. Is the detention necessary for the protection or safety of the public?
  3. Is there any other just cause requiring detention having regard to all circumstances, including the apparent strength of the prosecution’s case, the gravity of the nature of the offence, the circumstances surrounding its commission and the potential for a lengthy term of imprisonment?

Who has the Burden at a Bail Hearing?

The Crown normally has the onus to “show cause” why the accused should be held.  For some offences, or for people who have a record for failure to attend court, the onus or burden can be on the detained person to “show cause” why he or she should be released.

What if Bail id Denied?

Hire a criminal defence lawyer to handle your bail hearing before the Justice of the Peace to secure the best possible result, as quickly and as cheaply as possible.

Bail Review

Where release is denied, a “bail review” can be scheduled before a judge.   The same three factors apply, but the judge is not bound by the views of the Justice of the Peace.

Note:  If the Justice of the Peace releases the accused person, the Crown can also seek a bail review.

Sometimes it can take several weeks to get a date before a judge where your lawyer, the Crown, the witnesses and a judge are all available. The requirement to obtain (and pay for) the transcript of the initial bail hearing can also contribute to delay.

This can be frustrating and requires patience.  You can be assured that Auger Hollingsworth would do everything in its power to move your hearing forward as quickly as possible.  However, the possible delay is a strong reason to take your initial bail hearing seriously and hire a lawyer immediately.

Why is Bail so Important?

Apart from the disruption and anxiety of separation from family and friends and loss of employment, there are strategic reasons to seek bail in many cases.  For example:

  • It is more difficult and costly to meet with your lawyer and to assist in the preparation of your case from the detention centre. Your lawyer is limited as to when he or she can visit you. Telephone access is limited.
  • If you proceed to trial, you will be seated in the prisoner’s dock if you are in custody. This can have an impact, particularly on a jury.
  • If you are released on bail for months or more prior to trial, and stay out of trouble while out of custody, you will have a strong argument in any sentencing hearing that a jail sentence is not required and that you are rehabilitated.

If you or a loved one needs help getting out on bail, do not wait.  Contact a criminal defence lawyer as soon as possible.  Our Ottawa criminal defence lawyers will handle bail hearings and bail reviews in Ottawa, Smiths Falls, Perth, Cornwall, Hawksbury, L’Orignal, and many other locations.  Call 613 233-4529 or email [email protected] today!

Charged with Drug Offences in Ontario

Is possession of marijuana legal?

No. Despite what you may have heard, possession of marijuana and hashish are still offences.

Could I go to jail if convicted of a drug charge?

When your criminal defence lawyer meets you,  we will discuss possible outcome of your particular case. All drug offences carry a possible jail sentence. Here are some examples:

Trafficking in marijuana or hashish or possession for the purpose of trafficking (3 kgs. or more)
Life Imprisonment
Trafficking in cocaine or heroin or possession for the purpose of trafficking
Life Imprisonment
Trafficking in amphetamines, LSD, mescaline, or psilocybin or possession for the purpose of trafficking
10 years
Trafficking in barbituates or anabolic steroids or possession for the purpose of trafficking
3 years
Importing, exporting heroin, cocaine, marijuana or hashish
Life Imprisonment
Importing, exporting amphetamines, LSD, mescaline, or psilocybin
10 years
Cultivation of marijuana
7 years
Production of cocaine, heroine, or hashish
Life Imprisonment
Production of amphetamines, LSD, mescaline, or psilocybin
10 years
Production of barbituates or anabolic steroids
3 years

These charges are serious. Get a criminal lawyer who know how to help you.

If I was caught with drugs in my pocket. Could there be a defence?

Your Ottawa criminal defence lawyer from Auger Hollingsworth can help you assess your case.  It is true that physical evidence is normally the most damaging in a drug case, including drugs seized in the arrest, or the results of tests conducted by law enforcement.

Your criminal defence lawyer at  Auger Hollingsworth can defend against your drug charges by challenging the validity of the physical evidence by reviewing how it was found, seized or tested.

Your criminal defence lawyer will investigate all aspects of a drug arrest to determine whether unlawful search and seizure procedures occurred.

Our lawyers believe that illegal search and seizure is a threat not only to our clients but a threat to the liberty and privacy of all Canadians.

A large amount of cash was seized from my home and it was not mine. How to I retrieve it?

Money and property may be seized by the police at the time of arrest.  There are steps your Ottawa criminal defence lawyer can adopt to assist you regain her property.

The police confiscated my money. How do I get it back?

Your criminal defence lawyer at Auger Hollingsworth will fight to ensure that your property is returned to you following any illegal property seizure.

Someone was growing marijuana in my home. It was not me. However, now everyone in the house was arrested. Is there anything I can do?

Your criminal defence lawyer at Auger Hollingsworth will give you specific advice for your case.  When there is any kind of grow operation in a home, it is not unusual for the authorities to charge everyone who lives there.

You should hire an experienced criminal defence lawyer to defend you. In some situations, the lawyer will be able negotiate a withdrawal of this type charge before trial where it is obvious that the client was not involved.

I have a drug problem. Does that make a difference when dealing with my charges?

A qualified criminal defence lawyer can work with the Crown to minimize penalties, reduce charges or try to negotiate a rehabilitation program instead of other penalties.

Where clients are willing and interested, our criminal defence lawyers have successfully had charges withdrawn where our client has received treatment for addiction.
If you need assistance responding to drug charges in Ottawa, Smiths Falls, Brockville, Pembroke, Petawawa, Cornwall, Hawksbury, L’Orignal or other Eastern Ontario cities, contact the criminal defence lawyers at Auger Hollingsworth.  Call 613 233-4539 or email [email protected].

26 Ways the Charter Protects You – Twenty-Six Facts About the Charter and You

Make sure your criminal defence lawyer protects your constitutional rights when you are charged with a criminal offence.

You have:

  1. the right to remain silent.
  2. the right to a lawyer, including the right to consult that lawyer privately.
  3. the right to a fair trial.
  4. the right to a trial without undue delay.
  5. the right to a trial in English or French.
  6. the right to know why you have been arrested.
  7. the right not to testify against yourself.
  8. the right to an interpreter in court.
  9. the right to an impartial tribunal.
  10. the right to reasonable bail.
  11. the right to be tried by a judge and jury (in most cases).
  12. the right to be presumbed innocent.

You cannot be:

  1. detained arbitrarily (except in some limited circumstances).
  2. detained without being brought before a justice within 24 hours.
  3. subjected to an unreasonable search of your person, your home or your car.
  4. charged with an offence on the basis of racial profiling.
  5. charged tried twice for the same offence.
  6. be convicted of an offence that is overly broad.
  7. be convicted of an offence that is sexist, racist or otherwise discriminatory.

What if Your Charter Rights are Violated?

  1. Evidence obtained by the Crown in a way that violates the Charter may be excluded from use against you at trial.
  2. If you are charged with an offence that violates the Charter, the offence and the charges with it, may be struck down.
  3. If your trial was delayed too long the charges against you could be stayed.
  4. If the violation of your Charter rights brings the administration of justice into disrepute, your charges may be stayed.

Are these Charter remedies automatic?

  1. No. Charter remedies are usually only granted where the criminal defence lawyer asks for them.
  2. Your criminal lawyer must carefully review the file for Charter violations.
  3. Your criminal lawyer must prepare, file and actually argue Charter motions before the trial judge.
  • Make sure your criminal defence lawyer knows the Charter and uses it to your full advantage.
  • Ask your criminal defence lawyer what motions he or she will bring on your behalf.
  • Ask your criminal defence lawyer whether he or she regurlarly bring Charter motions
  • Ask your criminal defence lawyer whether he or she regularly wins Charter motions.

If you have been charged with a criminal offence, make sure you have an experienced criminal defence lawyer who knows how to enforce your Charter rights.  Contact a criminal lawyer at Auger Hollingsworth by clicking here or by calling 613 233-4529.

Ottawa Criminal Lawyer: When are you Considered to be a Party to an Offence? – Clear explanations of the different types of parties to an offence

Accused of a crime in Ontario?  Here is something the Ottawa Criminal Defence Lawyers at Auger Hollingsworth think you should know.

The laws for defining parties to an offence in Canada are outlined in Sections 21, 22 and 23 of the Criminal Code of Canada. Your Ottawa Criminal Defence Lawyer would tell you that these sections apply to anyone who is involved in committing the offence along with someone else, who gives encouragement to someone else committing the offence, and who helps out after the offence has been committed.

These sections of the Code help the justice system to convict and sentence someone who may not be involved in the actual commission of the crime itself, but who may be associated with events leading up to it or later events that can be considered related to its commission,  such as covering the tracks of the defendant.

There are four categories for individuals who fall under these sections of the Code:

  1. Section 21 of the Criminal Code: Someone who Aids and Abets:This category is for someone who may not actually be committing the offence itself but is doing something, or purposely not doing something, in order to help the person committing the crime. Assisting someone to commit a crime in any way is a crime itself under this provision.Example:In the case of Dunlop and Sylvester v. The Queen, the Supreme Court found that mere presence at the scene of a crime while it is being committed is not enough to be considered an aiding or abetting party. Mere presence can make one a part to offence if they had prior knowledge of what was going to happen or if they attended to assist or encourage the action in any way.
  2. Section 21(2) of the Criminal Code:Common IntentThis section applies when you and another person come together with a common purpose to engage in unlawful behaviour and help each other in carrying out that purpose. This section can apply to situations where the commission of an offence was not the original intended purpose. If an offence is committed by any party involved while your original plan is being carried out, you could be considered a party to that offence. However, it must be something that you could have foreseen occurring.Example:In the case of R. v. Martineau Martineau was originally found to be a party to an offence because of his common intent. In this case, Martineau and his associate, Tremblay, intended to break and enter into the home of James and Ann McLean. They had the common unlawful purpose of committing a robbery. Tremblay ended up shooting and killing both James and Ann McLean. Martineau was charged and convicted of both murders, even though he did not actually participate in the shootings or intend for them to happen.

    On appeal, the Supreme Court of Canada found that Martineau could not be convicted of both murders because he did not foresee the deaths occurring. He honestly believed that he and Tremblay were only going to rob the McLeans’ home and honestly did not foresee the possibility of death as a consequence.

  3. Section 23 of the Criminal Code: Accessor After the FactAn accessory after the fact is someone who knows another party has committed a crime but assists them for the purpose of protecting them, or enabling them to escape. There is an exception to this provision. If you are someone’s spouse, meaning their husband or wife, you may protect them after they have committed a crime.Example:Allowing someone to stay at your house for protection when you know they have committed a crime, makes you an accessory after the fact.

    If you have been accused of being a party to an offence, contact the Criminal Defence Lawyers at Auger Hollingsworth for more information.